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Facts about ADHD

  • ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that has been clinically observed for more than 200 years
  • ADHD is the most prevalent childhood psychiatric disorder in Canada
  • There are three presentations of ADHD
  1. Predominately inattentive (previously referred to as ADD)
  2. Predominately hyperactive (very rare)
  3. Combined (most prevalent)

How ADHD affects individuals

  • ADHD affects all aspects of one’s life – work, school, finances, and relationships
  • Individuals with ADHD struggle in the following areas:
    • Executive Functioning – planning, time management, organization, procrastination, motivation
    • Emotional regulation – trouble regulating their emotions (can overreact to a situation, emotional outbursts)
    • Attention – trouble regulating their attention (over focus/hyperfocus or under focus)
    • Hyperactivity – may include fidgeting, taping, excessive talking, extreme restlessness, racing thoughts
    • Impulse control – React without pausing to think, or poor inhibition control

ADHD Assessment

There are a variety of medical professionals that can assess/diagnose ADHD:

  • Psychiatrist (Adult, Child and Adolescent) (with ADHD training)
  • Psychologist (with ADHD training) – Psychologists do not prescribe medication
  • Family Physician (with ADHD training)
  • Pediatrician and/or Developmental Pediatrician
  • Neurologist (with ADHD training)

Psychiatrists, Pediatricians and Neurologists require a referral from your family physician or a walk-in clinic. CHILD ADULT

ADHD Treatment

ADHD Treatment should always be multi-modal, meaning more than one treatment. Treatments include

  • Psychoeducation – learning as much as you can about ADHD is an important first step to treatment
  • Pharmacological – ADHD medication (READ MORE)
  • Cognitive Behavior Therapy
  • ADHD Coaching
  • School and workplace Accommodations
  • Mindfulness, Exercise, and Nutrition

For more information on Treatments use the following links CHILD  ADULT